The diagnosis of Asperger's Syndrome has now been subsumed into Autism Spectrum Disorder. This book primarily serves to describe its dark origins in Nazi theory and practice in Vienna before and during the Second World War. We all know about the Holocaust and the mass casualties of war, but fewer know that Nazi eugenic and racial purity ideology was also applied to German children suffering from both physical and psychological problems. Under the guise of educational interventions a growing number were assessed to be euthenased. Whilst not a member of the Nazi party, Asperger was certainly one of the central players in this system. More evidence of the banality of evil.