Top critical review
16 December 2014
Islam's real origins?
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Professor Glen Bowersock wrote,'But Holland is at his most irresponsible when he turns to the Meccan origins of Islam. After reasonably supporting Patricia Crone's argument against the tradition of Mecca as a mercantile centre, he goes on to ask whether the place itself might not be an invention in the story of Muhammad. He raises the possibility that the Qur'anic pagans, called mushrikun, might be confederate tribes simply because the word is constructed from the Arabic root for "sharing". He looks for these tribes in southern Jordan and not only thinks of placing Muhammad among them but proposes that his own Meccan tribe, the Quraysh, took its name from the Syriac word qarisha, which, according to Holland, would have been "duly Arabised". This jaw-dropping idea depends on Holland's mistaken view that the Syriac word could allude to a confederation. What it means is to clot or congeal.'
He has a hypothesis that the Quran was manufactured by Abdul Malik. The following proof destroys that hypothesis:
Experts have recently studied three samples of a fragment of a Qur'an, which has been in the University Library in TÃÂ¼bingen since the end of the 19th century. Their conclusion is that the parchment with a 95.4% statistical probability can be dated to the period between Ad 649 -675. It thus seems to have been written 20 - 40 years after the death of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. Such an early date is really a world record. The date has been established through modern C14 - radiocarbon - analysis at a lab in ZÃÂ¼rich.
An academic refutation of these old expired ideas by a professional historian are to be found in chapter 3 of the book 'Discovering the Quran: A Contemporary Approach to a Veiled Text by Neal Robinson.'