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The Thirty-Year Genocide: Turkey's Destruction of Its Christian Minorities, 1894-1924 Hardcover – 24 April 2019
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A reappraisal of the giant massacres perpetrated by the Ottoman Empire, and then the Turkish Republic, against their Christian minorities.
Between 1894 and 1924, three waves of violence swept across Anatolia, targeting the region's Christian minorities, who had previously accounted for 20 percent of the population. By 1924, the Armenians, Assyrians, and Greeks had been reduced to 2 percent. Most historians have treated these waves as distinct, isolated events, and successive Turkish governments presented them as an unfortunate sequence of accidents. The Thirty-Year Genocide is the first account to show that the three were actually part of a single, continuing, and intentional effort to wipe out Anatolia's Christian population.
The years in question, the most violent in the recent history of the region, began during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Abdulhamid II, continued under the Young Turks, and ended during the first years of the Turkish Republic founded by Ataturk. Yet despite the dramatic swing from the Islamizing autocracy of the sultan to the secularizing republicanism of the post?World War I period, the nation's annihilationist policies were remarkably constant, with continual recourse to premeditated mass killing, homicidal deportation, forced conversion, mass rape, and brutal abduction. And one thing more was a constant: the rallying cry of jihad. While not justified under the teachings of Islam, the killing of two million Christians was effected through the calculated exhortation of the Turks to create a pure Muslim nation.
Revelatory and impeccably researched, Benny Morris and Dror Ze'evi's account is certain to transform how we see one of modern history's most horrific events.
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The evidence cited in this well-researched book is overwhelming...By looking at previously isolated events in a broader view, Morris and Ze'evi open new horizons on these events. What they reveal has global implications.--Wolfgang G. Schwanitz "Middle East Quarterly" (4/1/2021 12:00:00 AM)
A landmark contribution to the study of these epochal events...A richly textured and highly sensitive study...The authors document, in painstaking detail and with constant reference to their key arguments, the centrally planned murder and deportation of Christians throughout Turkey.--Mardean Isaac "Times Literary Supplement" (9/17/2019 12:00:00 AM)
A must read for anyone interested in the tragic events and history which inevitably shaped the modern world.--Eleni Sakellis "National Herald" (5/5/2019 12:00:00 AM)
Again and again, I was brought up short by the sheer, terrible, shocking accounts of violence in Morris's and Zeevi's work... Is it possible for a people to be so inured to cruelty that they changed, that their acts of sadism could alter their humanity?--Robert Fisk "The Independent"
An exhaustive account of Turkish policies towards Christians from the waning years of the Ottoman Caliphate through the first decade of Atatürk's rule.--Dov S. Zakheim "National Interest" (8/8/2019 12:00:00 AM)
Brilliantly researched and written...Benny Morris and Dror Ze'evi cast a careful eye upon the ghastly events that took place in the final decades of the Ottoman empire, when its rulers decided to annihilate their Christian subjects. They emphasize that the three waves of violence against the Christians living in Anatolia were not spasmodic or distinct, but formed part of a larger and coherent plan to destroy them utterly. Hitler and the Nazis gleaned lessons from this genocide that they then applied to their own efforts to extirpate Jews from the face of the Earth.--Jacob Heilbrun "The Spectator" (12/1/2019 12:00:00 AM)
Forces me to re-examine my understanding of the Armenian Genocide...It will stand in both the historical records of nations and in the field of Genocide studies as a monumental marker of excellence.--Gilbert Bilezikian "Massis Post" (6/12/2019 12:00:00 AM)
Gut-wrenching...Morris and Ze'evi convey well the horror of the killings.--John Waterbury "Foreign Affairs" (8/12/2019 12:00:00 AM)
Important and ambitious...They break new ground in the attempt to tie various massacres and atrocities at different times and places into a seamless genocidal web extending on and off for thirty years...Benny Morris and Dror Ze'evi have done a great service to the study of comparative genocide.--David Gaunt "Bustan" (6/1/2020 12:00:00 AM)
In well over six hundred pages the authors detail, town by town and village by village, the atrocities that led to the elimination of Christians from Turkey...A monumental achievement.--Gabriel Said Reynolds "Commonweal" (6/1/2020 12:00:00 AM)
Offers a subtle diagnosis of why, at particular moments over a span of three decades, Ottoman rulers and their successors unleashed torrents of suffering.--Bruce Clark "New York Times Book Review" (7/12/2019 12:00:00 AM)
Remarkable...A warning from history, perhaps, that this incisive work transmits to us in these dark days of political turmoil.--Colin Shindler "Jewish Chronicle" (9/1/2019 12:00:00 AM)
The book's strength lies in the fact that it has a broader perspective than many other books on the subject... Morris and Ze'evi have given us an outstanding representation of the fate of the Christian minorities during this crucial thirty-year period.--Svante Lundgren "Svenska Dagbladet" (5/24/2019 12:00:00 AM)
The mass killings of Armenian, Assyrian and Greek Christians in the late Ottoman era and early 1920s have been the subject of several excellent studies in recent years. The Israeli historians Morris and Ze'evi add value by knitting together the three main episodes of violent persecution in a comprehensive narrative.-- "Financial Times" (12/3/2019 12:00:00 AM)
About the Author
Dror Ze'evi, Professor in the Department of Middle Eastern Studies at Ben Gurion University of the Negev, has published several books on Ottoman and Middle Eastern history.
- Publisher : *Harvard University Press; 1st edition (24 April 2019)
- Language : English
- Hardcover : 672 pages
- ISBN-10 : 067491645X
- ISBN-13 : 978-0674916456
- Dimensions : 16.51 x 4.83 x 23.37 cm
- Best Sellers Rank: 147,308 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)
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Wenn man dieses Buch gelesen hat, so wird man dem zustimmen. Die gegenwärtige Haltung der Türkei, Armeniens, der Bewohner von beiden Teilen Zyperns und nicht zuletzt der Griechen wird immer noch geprägt, von den Ereignissen, die hier beschrieben werden. Leider fehlt dieses Kapitel der Geschichte fast völlig in unserem Schulunterricht und in der Öffentlichkeit wird es tot geschwiegen. Ich kann nur empfehlen, dieses Buch zu lesen und zu besprechen.