### Review

1. AN INTRODUCTION TO PHYSICS Law and Theory / The Modern Perspective / Length / Mass and Weight / Time / Significant Figures / Equations / Graphs and Functions / Approximations and Checks / Core Material & Study Guide / Discussion Questions / Multiple Choice Questions / Suggestions on Problem Solving / Problems 2. KINEMATICS: SPEED AND VELOCITY Average Speed / Constant Speed / Delta Notation: The Change in a Quantity / Instantaneous Speed / The Displacement Vector / Some Vector Algebra / Instantaneous Velocity / Components and Vector Addition / Velocity with Respect to... / Core Material & Study Guide / Discussion Questions / Multiple Choice Questions / Suggestions for Problem Solving / Problems 3. KINEMATICS: ACCELERATION Average Acceleration / Instantaneous Acceleration: Second Derivatives / Constant Acceleration / The Mean Speed / The Equations of Constant Acceleration / Air Drag / Acceleration Due to Gravity / Straight Up & Down / Two-Dimensional Motion: Projectiles / Varying Acceleration: Integrals / Core Material & Study Guide / Discussion Questions / Multiple Choice Questions / Suggestions for Problem Solving / Problems 4. NEWTON'S THREE LAWS: MOMENTUM The Law of Inertia / Force / The Second Law / Interaction: The Third Law / The Effects of Force: Newton's Slaws / Weight: Gravitational Force / Coupled Motions / Friction / Translational Equilibrium: Statics / Core Material & Study Guide / Discussion Questions / Multiple Choice Questions / Suggestions on Problem Solving / Problems 5. CENTRIPETAL FORCE AND GRAVITY Centripetal Acceleration / Center-Seeking Forces / The Law of Universal Gravitation / Terrestrial Gravity / The Laws of Planetary Motion / Satellite Orbits / Effectively Weightless / The Gravitational Field / Core Material & Study Guide / Discussion Questions / Multiple Choice Questions / Suggestions on Problem Solving / Problems 6. ENERGY Work / Kinetic Energy / Potential Energy / Mechanical Energy / Applying Conservation of Energy / Power / Energy Conservation and Symmetry / Core Material & Study Guide / Discussion Questions / Multiple Choice Questions / Suggestions on Problem Solving / Problems 7. MOMENTUM & COLLISIONS Impulse and Momentum Change / Varying Force / Rockets / Conservation of Linear Momentum / Collisions / Linear Momentum and Symmetry / Core Material & Study Guide / Discussion Questions / Multiple Choice Questions / Suggestions on Problem Solving / Problems 8. ROTATIONAL MOTION Angular Displacement / Angular Velocity / Angular Acceleration / Equations of Constant Angular Acceleration / Torque / Second Condition Equilibrium / Extended Bodies & the Center-of-Gravity / Torque & Rotational Area / Rotational Kinetic Energy / Angular Momentum / Conservation of Angular Momentum / Core Material & Study Guide / Discussion Questions / Multiple Choice Questions / Suggestions on Problem Solving / Problems 9. SOLIDS, LIQUIDS, & GASES Atomism / Density / The States of Matter / Hydrostatic Pressure / Pascal's Principle / Buoyant Force / Fluid Flow / The Continuity Equation / Bernoulli's Equation / Viscous Flow / Core Material & Study Guide / Discussion Questions / Multiple Choice Questions / Suggestions on Problem Solving / Problems 10. ELASTICITY & OSCILLATIONS Hooke's Law / Stress and Strain / Strength / Elastic Moduli / Simple Harmonic Motion / Elastic Restoring Force / The Pendulum / Damping, Forcing, and Resonance / Core Material & Study Guide / Discussion Questions / Multiple Choice Questions / Suggestions on Problem Solving / Problems 11. WAVES & SOUND Wave Characteristics / Transverse Waves: Strings / Compression Waves / Acoustics: Sound Waves / Wavefronts & Intensity / The Speed of Sound in Air / Hearing Sound / Sound-Level / Sound Waves: Beats / Standing Waves / The Doppler Effect / Core Material & Study Guide / Discussion Questions / Multiple Choice Questions / Suggestions on Problem Solving / Problems 12. THERMAL PROPERTIES OF MATTER Thermodynamic Temperature & Absolute Zero / Linear Expansion / Volumetric Expansion: Solids and Liquids / The Laws of Boyle, Charles, & Gay-Lussac / The Ideal Gas Law / Phase Diagrams / Kinetic Theory / Core Material & Study Guide / Discussion Questions / Multiple Choice Questions / Suggestions on Problem Solving / Problems 13. HEAT & THERMAL ENERGY Heat & Temperature / Quantity of Heat / The Mechanical Equivalent of Heat / Specific Heat: Calorimetry / Melting & Freezing / Vaporization / Boiling / Radiation / Convection / Conduction / Core Material & Study Guide / Discussion Questions / Multiple Choice Questions / Suggestions on Problem Solving / Problems 14. THERMODYNAMICS Conservation of Energy / Thermal Processes & Work / Isothermal Change of an Ideal Gas / Adiabatic Change of an Ideal Gas / The Carnot Cycle / Refrigeration Machines & Heat Pumps / Entropy / Core Material & Study Guide / Discussion Questions / Multiple Choice Questions / Suggestions on Problem Solving / Problems 15. ELECTROSTATICS: FORCES Positive and Negative Charge / Insulators and Conductors / Coulomb's Law / The Definition of the E-Field / E-Fields of Continuous Charge Distributions / Gauss's Law / Core Material & Study Guide / Discussion Questions / Multiple Choice Questions / Suggestions on Problem Solving / Problems 16. ELECTROSTATICS: ENERGY Electrical-PE & Potential / Potential of a Point-Charge / The Potential of Several Charges / Potential of a Continuous Charge Distribution / Determining E from V / Conservation of Charge / The Capacitor / Capacitors in Combination / Energy in Capacitors / Core Material & Study Guide / Discussion Questions / Multiple Choice Questions / Suggestions on Problem Solving / Problems 17. DIRECT CURRENT Electric Current / Ohm's Law / Resistivity / Voltage Drops and Rises / Energy and Power / Current Density and Conductivity / Core Material & Study Guide / Discussion Questions / Multiple Choice Questions / Suggestions on Problem Solving / Problems 18. CIRCUITS Sources and Internal Resistance / Resistors in Series and Parallel / Ammeters and Voltmeters / R-C Circuits / Kirchoff's Rules / Core Material & Study Guide / Discussion Questions / Multiple Choice Questions / Suggestions on Problem Solving / Problems 19. MAGNETISM Permanent Magnets / The Magnetic Field / Currents and Fields / Calculating B-Fields / The Force on a Moving Charge / Forces on Wires / Core Material & Study Guide / Discussion Questions / Multiple Choice Questions / Suggestions on Problem Solving / Problems 20. ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION Faraday's Induction Law / Motional emf / The AC Generator / The DC Generator / Inductance / The R-L Circuit: Transients / Energy in the Magnetic Field / Core Material & Study Guide / Discussion Questions / Multiple Choice Questions / Suggestions on Problem Solving / Problems 21. AC AND ELECTRONICS AC and Resistance / AC and Inductance / AC and Capacitance / L-C-R Series Circuits / The Transformer / Domestic Circuits and Hazards / Semiconductors / Core Material & Study Guide / Discussion Questions / Multiple Choice Questions / Suggestions on Problem Solving / Problems 22. RADIANT ENERGY: LIGHT Waves and Particles / Electromagnetic Waves / Waveforms and Wavefronts / Energy and Irradiance / The Origins of EM Radiation / Energy Quanta / Atoms and Light / Radiowaves / Microwaves / Infrared / Light / Ultraviolet / X-Rays / Gamma Rays / Core Material & Study Guide / Discussion Questions / Multiple Choice Questions / Suggestions on Problem Solving / Problems 23. THE PROPAGATION OF LIGHT: SCATTERING Rayleigh Scattering: Blue Skies / Internal and External Reflection / The Law of Reflection / The Index of Refraction / Snell's Law / Total Internal Reflection / White, Black, and Gray / Colors / Core Material & Study Guide / Discussion Questions / Multiple Choice Questions / Suggestions on Problem Solving / Problems 24. GEOMETRICAL OPTICS AND INSTRUMENTS Aspherical Surfaces / Spherical Thin Lenses / Focal Points and Planes / Extended Imagery: Lenses / A Single Lens / Thin-Lens Combinations / Curved Mirrors / Core Material & Study Guide / Discussion Questions / Multiple Choice Questions / Suggestions on Problem Solving / Problems 25. PHYSICAL OPTICS Natural Light / Polarizers / Polarizing Processes / Young's Experiment / Thin-Film Interference / The Michelson Interferometer / Single-Slit Diffraction / The Diffraction Grating / Circular Holes and Obstacles / Holography / Core Material & Study Guide / Discussion Questions / Multiple Choice Questions / Suggestions on Problem Solving / Problems 26. SPECIAL RELATIVITY The Michelson-Morley Experiment / The Two Postulates / Simultaneity and Time / The Hatter's Watch: Time Dilation / Shrinking Alice: Length Contraction / Tweedledum and Tweedledee: The Twin Effect / Wonderland: Space-Time / Addition of Velocities / Relativistic Momentum / Relativistic Energy / Core Material & Study Guide / Discussion Questions / Multiple Choice Questions / Suggestions on Problem Solving / Problems 27. THE ORIGINS OF MODERN PHYSICS The Quantum of Charge / Cathode Rays: Particles of Charge / X-Rays / The Discovery of Radioactivity / Rutherford Scattering / Atomic Spectra / The Proton / The Neutron / Radiation Damage: Dosimetry / Core Material & Study Guide / Discussion Questions / Multiple Choice Questions / Suggestions on Problem Solving / Problems 28. THE EVOLUTION OF QUANTUM THEORY Blackbody Radiation / Quantization of Energy: The Photoelectric Effect / Bremsstrahlung / The Compton Effect / The Bohr Atom / Stimulated Emission: The Laser / Atomic Number / Core Material & Study Guide / Discussion Questions / Multiple Choice Questions / Suggestions on Problem Solving / Problems 29. QUANTUM MECHANICS De Broglie Waves / The Principle of Complementarity / The Schrodinger Wave Equation / Quantum Numbers / The Zeeman Effect / Spin / The Pauli Exclusion Principle / Electron Shells / The Uncertainty Principle / QED and Antimatter / Core Material & Study Guide / Discussion Questions / Multiple Choice Questions / Suggestions on Problem Solving / Problems 30. NUCLEAR PHYSICS Isotopes: Birds of a Feather / Nuclear Size, Shape, and Spin / The Nuclear Force / Nuclear Stability / Radioactive Decay / The Weak Force / Gamma Decay / Half-Life / Induced Radioactivity / Fission and Fusion / Core Material & Study Guide / Discussion Questions / Multiple Choice Questions / Suggestions on Problem Solving / Problems 31. HIGH-ENERGY PHYSICS Leptons / Hadrons / Gauge Theory / Quarks / Quantum Chromodynamics / The Electroweak Force / GUTs and Beyond: The Creation of the Universe / Core Material & Study Guide / Discussion Questions / Multiple Choice Questions / Suggestions on Problem Solving / Problems / APPENDIXES: A MATHEMATICAL REVIEW / ANSWER SECTION / CREDITS / INDEX