Born in Ohio, James Thurber (1894–1961) was an American humorist. He was a staff member (1927–33) of and major contributor to the New Yorker magazine. A profound psychological perception underlies his reflective, ironical cartoons and stories. Compilations of his works include The Owl in the Attic (1931), The Thurber Carnival (1945), and Thurber Country (1953). He collaborated with E.B. White on the satire Is Sex Necessary? (1929) and with Elliott Nugent on the play The Male Animal (1940).