Conference papers from the 10th national Labour History Conference. The conference occurred at an historical moment when the labour movement in Australia was, as it continues to be, at a crossroad. Organised labour has been confronted by a sustained attack from militant employers and, at times, a truculent Federal Government. It is, then as now, especially timely to consider the movement’s traditions. These traditions are more than merely memories of a shared past; they also contain sources of reflection and inspiration for present and future struggles. The breadth of our interests is evident from the programme and embodied in the papers printed here.