- Paperback: 326 pages
- Publisher: PROMETHEUS BOOKS; Reprint edition (15 October 2016)
- Language: English
- ISBN-10: 9781633882355
- ISBN-13: 978-1633882355
- ASIN: 1633882357
- Product Dimensions: 15.6 x 2.4 x 22.9 cm
- Boxed-product Weight: 422 g
- Average Customer Review: 1 customer review
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Inside Syria Paperback – 15 Oct 2016
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"Erlich...clearly and succinctly explains Syria's current political and military stalemate in this important, informative, and well researched book.... Essential reading for anyone interested in understanding the current turmoil in the Middle East."
--Publishers Weekly STARRED REVIEW
--Norman Solomon, author of War Made Easy "A deeply readable and informative book that is particularly wise about the economic undercurrents beneath what more-superficial writers see merely as political or religious tensions. A fine introduction to one of today's most terrible tragedies."
--Adam Hochschild, author of To End All Wars and King Leopold's Ghost
"The most useful and up-to-date analysis of the complex internal dynamics of Syria today. . . . [It] destroys many of the simplistic stereotypes prevalent in the American conventional wisdom. . . . United States policy makers should view Erlich's masterful narrative as required reading. Had his book been available before the current violence in Syria erupted, the world might have been much wiser."
--William O. Beeman, Department of Anthropology, University of Minnesota "Veteran journalist Reese Erlich, who knows Syria well, has written what may be the definitive account thus far of both foreign and domestic factors shaping its descent into fratricidal war. With the inclusion of important historical background, interviews from inside the country, and insights into the motivations of policy makers in Washington and elsewhere, the result is thorough and balanced reporting in which few come out looking good."
--Stephen Zunes, professor of politics and coordinator of Middle Eastern studies, University of San Francisco "Erlich . . . has a rare gift for placing the human drama into its larger historical context, deftly introducing the reader to the many worlds that make up Syrian society. . . . Anyone who wants a quick but sophisticated primer on the Syrian Civil War should start here."
--Joshua Landis, director, Center for Middle East Studies, University of Oklahoma "Read this book and you will receive an in-depth, objective, and truly fair understanding of what is taking place in the Middle East at this moment. We need Reese Erlich in the mass media."
--Peter Coyote, actor, author of Sleeping Where I Fall "Reese Erlich is that increasingly rare specimen: a deeply informed foreign correspondent who immerses himself in the story he is covering. Inside Syria is fascinating and full of insights. That makes it a welcome antidote to the flood of ill-informed blather that has deformed our understanding of this alarming crisis."
--Stephen Kinzer, author of Overthrow and All the Shah's Men
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Reese Erlich’s thesis is not clearly defined in the opening of his book, as the foreword is provided by social justice advocate and anarcho-syndicalist Noam Chomsky. Instead of a preliminary thesis to examine throughout his book, we are given an outline of how the 2011 social unrest led to the violent uprisings and Civil War which followed. However, we are provided with Erlich’s thesis in the final pages of his book. Erlich attributes the brutality, unpredictability, and complexity of the Syrian Civil war to the foreign intervention which overshadows the fighting taking place between the many ideologies and religious sects inside of Syria. Erlich (2014) states:
The longer fighting continued, the more foreign powers interfered. Russia sent massive amounts of arms and provided diplomatic cover for Assad’s repression. Iran sent arms and military advisors, and it facilitated the entry into Syria of Hezbollah and Iraqi militias. The United States, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, and the United Arab Emirates, and Israel all backed the rebels. The CIA trained selected rebels in Jordan. Foreigners bolstered the ranks of al-Qaeda-affiliated and other extremist rebels, further complicating matters. (p. 235)
Erlich concludes that despite the complexity of the situation, the Syrian Civil War will eventually come to an end, and the Syrians will rebuild their country and government (Erlich, 2014). The thesis provided in the closing chapter, however factual, is rooted in the uncertainty of what Syria’s political, economic, and religious makeup will look like, what the geopolitical consequences will ultimately be, and what internal struggles are likely to continue following the conclusion of its Civil War. His chronology of the Syria’s history alludes to, that despite hoping for the best possible outcome, which is currently unknown, this will likely not be the last conflict within Syria’s borders.
Aside from just providing a chronology of the history, ideologies, and foreign influences within Syria, Erlich’s reporting gives us insight into each of these factors through his interviews with many outside sources. From his interview with members of the United States State Department in Beirut, to former Palestinian refugees, to the members of the Muslim Brotherhood, we are given additional points of view which add further layers of complexity to the overall battlespace. These sources additionally provide us with insight into the ideologies, perceptions, and misconceptions of those effected by the current conflict. These interviews ultimately support Erlich’s final thesis concept in the sense that the impact of the Syrian Civil War will have far and wide reaching consequences which are yet to be seen.
However, Erlich’s book will at times veer away from conveying a non-biased point of view on Syria’s history and the topics covered, and instead leans toward “leftist” ideology in an attempt to add depth to his chronology. Two notable instances of Erlich deviating from a neutral stance on the content he provides can be found in both his analysis of the United States’ foreign policy, and of his apologetic attitude toward the Palestinian movement (including Hezbollah). In Chapter 11 he tries to explain the United States’ foreign policy under the Obama administration, but instead resorts to blaming the shortcomings of President Obama’s inability to influence any outcome within Syria on the Republicans, Libertarians, and isolationists within our House and Senate leadership. Erlich (2014) then claims, “Right-wing isolationists, on the other hand, used anti-interventionist rhetoric to push a racist and xenophobic agenda” (p. 223). This is just one example of where we are presented with a very subjective opinion in a book that should otherwise contain only objective information.
In Chapter 10, Erlich talks about his upbringing as a Zionist, and then later abandonment his faith following a debate with the outspoken Berkeley Rabbi Isaiah Zelden over the recognized rights of the Palestinians (Erlich, 2014). From this point forward we are subtly presented with Erlich’s disdain for Israel’s occupation of the Golan heights, Israel’s attacks on Syrian soil (despite these attacks being against suspected Syrian arms support to Hezbollah), and Israel’s internal policies towards Arabs within its borders. However, what connects these inferences to his sentiments of Palestinian apologetics comes in the closing lines of his book when he states, “Palestinian leader Hannan Ashrawi told me Palestinians stand in solidarity with the people of Syria. That makes sense to me. The people of Syria' with their tradition of tolerance' will ultimately prevail” (Erlich, 2014, p. 235). Well, of course the Palestinians stand in solidarity with Assad’s Syria, as Syria has been a substantial supporter of Hezbollah in providing them political and military aid.
In summary, Reese Erlich’s book Inside Syria provides us with a substantial chronology of the history of Syria leading up to today’s conflict. The complexity of the situation is well conveyed through his use of historical facts and first hand interviews. Erlich’s elaboration upon the factions attempting to influence the current battlespace of Syria’s Civil War, in addition to his conveyance of the geopolitical climate of foreign influences trying to steer this Civil War in their favor, are well articulated and support the fact that there are too many variables to predict the outcome of the current day Syrian Civil War. Aside from the sometimes heavily subjective and politically motivated opinions provided, we are presented with a great reference for gaining a better understanding the conditions and motivating factors of this conflict.
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