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The People's Republic of Amnesia: Tiananmen Revisited
 
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The People's Republic of Amnesia: Tiananmen Revisited [Kindle Edition]

Louisa Lim

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Product Description

Product Description

On June 4, 1989, People's Liberation Army soldiers opened fire on unarmed civilians in Beijing, killing untold hundreds of people. A quarter-century later, this defining event remains buried in China's modern history, successfully expunged from collective memory. In The People's Republic of Amnesia, NPR correspondent Louisa Lim charts how the events of June 4th changed China, and how China changed the events of June 4th by rewriting its own history.

Lim reveals new details about those fateful days, including how one of the country's most senior politicians lost a family member to an army bullet, as well as the inside story of the young soldiers sent to clear Tiananmen Square. She also introduces us to individuals whose lives were transformed by the events of Tiananmen Square, such as a founder of the Tiananmen Mothers, whose son was shot by martial law troops; and one of the most important government officials in the country, who post-Tiananmen became one of its most prominent dissidents. And she examines how June 4th shaped China's national identity, fostering a generation of young nationalists, who know little and care less about 1989. For the first time, Lim uncovers the details of a brutal crackdown in a second Chinese city that until now has been a near-perfect case study in the state's ability to rewrite history, excising the most painful episodes. By tracking down eyewitnesses, discovering US diplomatic cables, and combing through official Chinese records, Lim offers the first account of a story that has remained untold for a quarter of a century. The People's Republic of Amnesia is an original, powerfully gripping, and ultimately unforgettable book about a national tragedy and an unhealed wound.

Product details

  • Format: Kindle Edition
  • File Size: 4108 KB
  • Print Length: 281 pages
  • Page Numbers Source ISBN: 0199347700
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press (5 May 2014)
  • Sold by: Amazon Australia Services, Inc.
  • Language: English
  • ASIN: B00JMCZL56
  • Text-to-Speech: Enabled
  • X-Ray:
  • Amazon Bestsellers Rank: #79,925 Paid in Kindle Store (See Top 100 Paid in Kindle Store)

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Most Helpful Customer Reviews on Amazon.com (beta)
Amazon.com: 4.5 out of 5 stars  23 reviews
16 of 17 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars An Important Book Based on Amazingly Revealing Research 4 June 2014
By Robert L. Moore - Published on Amazon.com
Format:Kindle Edition|Verified Purchase
This is an extraordinary book. It tells the story of June Fourth, or, what the international community often calls "the Tiananmen Massacre," through the eyes of various individuals: a student demonstrator, a soldier, the mother of a slain student, and so on. It is a fairly quick read, and very well written.

The most telling and inspiring chapter for me was the one focused on the Tiananmen Mothers, those Chinese women who, having lost a child to the People's Liberation Army's murderous rampage, have formed an organization that continues to press the Chinese government to admit to its wrongdoing and respond to their loss. There are so many touching and revealing details here. A particularly memorable one is the government's having placed a security camera over the spot where Ms. Zhang Xianlling's 19-year-old son was shot by the soldiers. The sole purpose of the camera is to deter her from her custom of revisiting the spot in memory of her murdered son. Additionally, whole platoons of security agents follow Ms. Zhang around every day. Often they don't even know why they are following her. One young female guard, after hearing from Ms. Zhang what the purpose of her assignment really was, walked off her post in disgust. What courage these Tiananmen Mothers have.

The sad part of the story is that the Chinese government's efforts at hiding what happened in 1989 have been fairly successful where the younger generation of Chinese is concerned. Many are completely ignorant about the massacre.

On the other hand, the massive and pervasive efforts that the government undertakes in order to keep its June Fourth massacre concealed from the public is an indication of just how frightened it is of the truth. I wonder what this implies for China's future.
14 of 15 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars Great book! 5 May 2014
By M. Sarles - Published on Amazon.com
Format:Kindle Edition|Verified Purchase
Goes right to the source and interviews people who were there. What's amazing is it appears the author went to China to interview for the book. Which means the government really doesn't care about what these people have to say. And *that* is some hard evidence they've been so successful in eliminating the memory of Tiananmen from the collective conscious, that they don't really care who brings it up anymore. The Chinese government has all but succeeded in wiping it from everyone's minds... at least in China.
26 of 33 people found the following review helpful
3.0 out of 5 stars Not the place to start your study of what happened on June 4, 1989 9 June 2014
By James Mowry - Published on Amazon.com
Format:Kindle Edition|Verified Purchase
After reading a positive review in the Economist, I bought this book immediately and received it the next day (thanks, Amazon). After 25 years, it is certainly necessary to revisit Tiananmen, and from the book's description, I figured it would do a good job. This is a subject of great interest for me. I was in China on June 4, 1989, an expatriate American just beginning a new job in Shanghai. I stood in the beautiful gardens of the Xing Guo Guest House, now the site of a Radisson Hotel, as word of what had happened in Beijing filtered in from CNN and by telephone. Shanghai was spared the carnage of Beijing, of course, and after decamping to Hong Kong and back to the USA for a couple of months, I returned to Shanghai where my project proceeded--as did life in China in general.

Ms. Lim's book focuses very much on personal stories of those who were either directly involved in the events in Beijing leading up to June 4--students, officials, soldiers, mothers--and their reminiscences are valuable and shed some new light on what happened. They are marred by gaps of memory, however, and by the author's unwillingness to ask the really hard questions, such as about the treatment some of the interviewed people received in prison. Instead, Lim fills in the gaps by citing reports from Amnesty International and other sources. While there is no reason to doubt these, they weaken the narrative.

A far more serious weakness is that when reading these interviews, the reader needs a good knowledge of the chronology of the events leading up to June 4 and all the players involved to appreciate what those who were directly involved are saying. For me, this wasn't an issue, having read Gordon Thomas' Chaos Under Heaven, a painstaking almost minute-by-minute account of the events in Beijing written by a reporter who was there, as well as various other books. I find it ironic that in a book lamenting the amnesia that now persists regarding June 4 that Lim has actually further contributed to that amnesia by failing to fill in enough background information for readers who might be looking to this book for an introduction to what happened 25 years ago. (The book is short and could certainly have spent a few more pages on background. But Lim is a radio reporter, not a historian, and this weakness prevents her from providing the depth of research and perspective that is necessary.)

This book is much more effective in showing how the Chinese government turned to extreme, xenophobic nationalism as a way to distract the students from the corruption and other shortcomings of Communist Party rule. The current mindset of China as perpetual victim, seems to be working quite well, at least in keeping students distracted. And, of course, it isn't just made up. From the Opium Wars to the unequal treaty of 1919 to the Rape of Nanjing to the foreign extraterritorial settlements that lasted until the Communist Revolution, there is much for Chinese to be angry about. Despite the famines, the terror campaigns, and the other egregious errors since 1949, the Communist Party can at least rightfully claim that China has regained its independence and is now an economic power that doesn't have to bow down to the demands of Japan, America, or anyone else.

The nationalist message still hasn't prevented an almost uncountable number of other anti-government protests, however, as newly prosperous Chinese citizens demand better protections against out-of-control local party officials who seize property without adequate compensation, the terrors of pollution, and the lack of the rule of law. There is every chance that at some point these will build into another incident to rival 1989.

Lim also provides additional details about the extent of the demonstrations in Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan province, that results in (probably) dozens of deaths and students and others took to the streets after hearing what happened in Beijing. I think this is probably just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to describing the events elsewhere in China. When I visited Chengdu in 1992, the city block that burned down had already been replaced, in true modern Chinese fashion, by a shopping center.

While focusing on Chinese amnesia, Lim only partially points out the amnesia the rest of the world has practiced about what happened. In their quest to take advantage of the Chinese market, international businesses have even less reason to care about June 4 than do the vast majority of Chinese citizens. There are also a lot of details of Lim's account that show the shortcomings of Western journalists who covered the event and in some cases left out accounts of the violence perpetrated by some extremist students against the police and Army. While this was minuscule in comparison with the violent acts committed by police and soldiers (some of which are well documented in this book), the lack of complete truth in some Western reporting has only provided support for Chinese paranoia.

The other major fault with this book is that it portrays the violence as almost inevitable. The students were disorganized and splintered. Although there were "leaders", no one was really in control and could enforce a decision to leave Tiananmen Square before the evening of June 3/morning of June 4. Deng Xiaoping emerges as the biggest villain here. He was the one who ordered the troops in and was prepared to spill blood. But the book shows that many others, including the students, share the responsibility for what happened.

Finally, I must say that despite its failures, this book is a fast, compelling read. Lim writes clearly and occasionally vividly. For someone looking for a few new grains of information, it is a worthwhile read.
6 of 7 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars Superbly written! 8 June 2014
By D. Krajnovich - Published on Amazon.com
Verified Purchase
By chance, I was in China as a tourist in 1989 when the Tiananmen massacre occurred (my trip had been scheduled months earlier). Upon returning home, I studied the history and aftermath; attended vigils and protests; heard lectures from escaped dissidents; etc. I did not expect to learn much new in Louisa Lim's book. But since the book got a good mention in The Economist, and it was the 25th anniversary, I decided to buy a copy.

Was I wrong! This is a superb book. I am not a fast reader, but I finished it in one day. I learned new things in every chapter. I was moved to tears by the chapter on the Tiananmen Mothers. There is no greater courage, no greater grief. The chapter on Bao Tong is also remarkable. On a purely technical level, Ms. Lim is an outstanding writer -- in the same class as Iris Chang. She uses a themed chapter format, most chapters concentrating on one or two people whom she personally interviewed. Her book has the added merit of being succinct. I suspect it took her twice the time to write a book half as long as most books on such weighty topics.

If you, like me, think you know all about Tiananmen, this book may surprise you.
3 of 3 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars It's Always 1984 in China 23 June 2014
By Robert Girvan - Published on Amazon.com
Recently, I re-read "1984" by George Orwell. I was less impressed with the book than when I had initially read it. I noted in my journal:
"Reality simplified, depressing propaganda against propaganda. Low vision of human nature and society." I was thinking of such things as "Hate week", and the relentless fear and subservience of an entire society - except Winston Smith, and Julia, to the overwhelming power of Big Brother. I was also thinking of the way Big Brother simply re-wrote history, depending on the political need at the moment, seemingly at will, without anyone really knowing or caring. I balanced this criticism with the comment that "this vision of human society has been literally true in many places and times, and elements of human nature can be as base as depicted."

Little did I know that I would read Louisa Lim's book and find all that I had read in Orwell's book, and had dismissed as too awful to actually exist, did indeed exist - in modern China. Beneath the veneer of the so-called economic miracle, is a nasty totalitarian state, midway between dictatorship and plutocracy. By the way, I had to look up "plutocracy" to make sure it was the right word. It means rule by a small group of wealthy citizens. Lim makes clear that those at the top of this "egalitarian communist/socialist" society, sock away Billions and Billions. Lim's story is astonishing - history being re-written almost daily, anyone who runs afoul of the orthodoxy of "make money, don't question authority, keep quiet about massive corruption", gets unceremoniously thrown in jail. There really are, if not "Hate weeks", "hate-protests" against Japan, to allow people to express their backed-up hatred, created mostly by a profoundly corrupt and capricious government.

The book tries to present the complexity of the incident at Tiananmen in June/89, memory, and contemporary China, by focusing on key representative people. She tells their stories, and weaves in general comments on history to create a vivid, powerful, and engrossing story. In a chapter titled "Soldier", she tells of Tiananmen from the point of view of a scared young soldier who didn't want to - and didn't - shoot anybody, and who had a lot of respect for the students. We learn about the high official, one of the most powerful in the country, who was simply purged, as he wasn't war-like enough, stripped of his limousine, and thrown in jail. This man has great insights into the horrible nature of the regime - the fear of the corrupt leaders of the power of the people, and hence the compelling need to crush any kind of dissent. They are afraid, because they know that they have little actual legitimacy to govern. Hence the need for the economic miracle to continue at all costs, to keep the people calm. But the danger, growing daily, is that massive corruption at the top sets the low standard for all levels of the government. Everywhere, the powerful take from the powerless.

The most compelling chapter of all, to me, was the chapter on the Tiananmen Mothers, founded by two women - Zhang Xianling, a retired aerospace engineer, and Ding Zilin – professor of philosophy. Both women had sons killed by the Government forces at Tiananmen. Their young sons were not even involved in the protest in any significant way. They were nearby, and killed as collateral damage. These women conducted their own investigation into their own son’s murders, and the murders of other students, numbering in the hundreds. State Security agents have repeatedly hounded the mothers. Ding Zilin was forced to resign from the university.

Many years ago they filed a Petition with the Government charging the leaders of the attack at Tiananmen with "Crimes Against Humanity." They are still waiting for the trial. For 25 years the Tainanmen Mothers have been asking for an apology from the Government, and for the Government to admit that it made a mistake at Tiananmen, and for just compensation. The Government has refused, no doubt afraid of admitting the truth. These woman have never given up. Yet they are now old. Will anyone in the younger generation inside China have the courage to remember? Despite spending some time in jail, both women are out of jail at the moment. Zhang says, "They are more afraid of us than we are of them."

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